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NCIPM Cippy inputs trial data on Organic Vegetables


NCIPM Cippy inputs trial data on Organic Vegetables

The vegetable production in our country has touched a new height in recent years, occupying an area of about 7.05 m ha and a production of 106 million tones. Due to advent of hybrid, varieties, vegetable production is getting continuous momentum in our country. Farmers confront a number of constraints in vegetable production. The production risks are high primarily because of considerable losses caused by the various pests. Among the vegetable crops brinjal, tomato, capsicum, okra, cabbage and cauliflower are important occupying together an area of 1.85 m ha with an annual production of 22.67 million tones and are infested by several pests at various stages resulting in a yield loss of about 25-30 per cent. IPM is thus important with a view to reduce undesired use of pesticides.

Validation of Non-chemical (Organic) IPM and INM Technology for Brinjal

The successful validation of the IPM technology in brinjal in Raispur, which had for three consecutive years (2004-05, 2005-06 and 2006-07) resulted in the reduction of pesticides sprays to only one or two, with its further refinement and productive utilization of plenty of surplus FYM available in the village, emboldened us to take non-chemical (organic) brinjal trial in about 2 acres area during 2006-07. The trials were repeated with the new farmers in the same village during 2007-08. Integrated nutrient management (INM) and integrated pest management (IPM) technology (Non-chemical) which included growing of green gram was replaced with Dhaincha during summer and turning it in soil, application of FYM @ 20 tonnes/ha fortified with Trichoderma sp., seed treatment with Germigold; seedling dip before transplanting in Phosphorus solubilising bacteria (PSB), soil application of VAM around plants after transplanting, soil application of Nutragold as manure; erection of bird perches, delta and yellow sticky traps and pheromone traps @ 12/ acre for shoot and fruit borer, soil application of neem cake, need based sprays of 5 % NSKE, releases of Trichogramma sp @1.5 lakh/ ha for shoot and fruit borer and clipping, collection and destruction of damaged shoots and fruits, though resulted in lower yields (341.2 and 290.64 q/ha) and so the lower CBR (1:1.72 and 1:1.47) in non-chemical (organic) trial than IPM (424.47 and 376.07 q/ha; 1:2.34 and 1:2.19) and Farmers’ Practices (381.2 and 334.05 q/ha; 1:2.06 and 1:1.89) (Table 25 and 26), but yielded clean and better quality produce as it did not contain any chemical. It also resulted in clean environment, increase in bio-diversity (natural enemies and soil flora and fauna) and non-pollution of underground water as a result of non-use of any chemical fertilizer or pesticide.

As in NCIPM Annual Report 2007–08